male octopuses have a hectocotylus, a tentacle which stores sperm and which can transfer it into the female's body; sometimes it snaps off during mating. There was nothing of similar scope and sophistication again until the 16th century.". ( Scholar ) Special Topics Bodnr,., 2005, Teleology across Natures, Rhizai, 2: 929.
Influence edit On Theophrastus edit Main article: Historia Plantarum (Theophrastus) Aristotle's pupil and successor at the Lyceum, Theophrastus, wrote the History of Plants, the first classical book of botany. ( Scholar ) Furley,.
P Albert of Cologne commented extensively on Aristotle, but added his own zoological observations and an encyclopedia of animals based on Thomas of Cantimpr. 8 Aristotle noted, too, that a river catfish which he called the glanis cares for its young, as the female leaves after giving birth; the male guards the eggs for forty or fifty days, chasing off small fish which threaten the eggs, and making. Aristotle investigates four types the Mysterious Pharaoh of Egypt of differences between animals: differences in particular body parts (Books I to IV differences in ways of life and types of activity (Books V, VI, VII and IX and differences in specific characters (Book viii). 9 Aristotle's methods of observation included dissection (Aristotle's lost companion work, The Dissections, contained illustrations of these 10 so he observed animal anatomy directly, though his interpretations of the functions of the structures he observed were subject to error. The incoming material, food, enters the body and is concocted into blood; waste is excreted as urine, bile, and faeces, and the element fire is released as heat. ( Scholar ) Gaiser,., 1969, Das zweifache Telos bei Aristoteles,.