of the tragedies that the classical tradition gives as Euripides' Rhesus is a 4th-century play by an unknown author; modern scholarship agrees with the classical authorities and ascribes the play to Euripides. 38 Lost plays edit Only the titles and assorted fragments of Aeschylus's other plays have come down. Menander is considered the best of its a Comparison of Classic And Contemporary Philosophers writers. With his readiness to sacrifice all to honour, Achilles embodies the Greek heroic ideal; and the contrast between his superb qualities and his short and troubled life reflects the sense of tragedy always prevalent in Greek thought. Citation needed The theatre of Dionysus at Athens probably held around 12,000 people. Of the literature of ancient Greece only a relatively small proportion survives.
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The earliest of the three was Aeschylus, who was born in 525. Through the researches of the Alexandrian scholars, texts of ancient authors were preserved. This was also a golden age for rhetoric and oratory, first taught by Corax of Syracuse in the 5th century. 47 Some later operatic composers have also shared Peri's aims: Richard Wagner 's concept of Gesamtkunstwerk integrated work of art for example, was intended as a return to the ideal of Greek tragedy in which all the arts were blended in service of the drama. They have formed the basis of Western philosophy and, indeed, they determined, for centuries to come, the development of European thought. Arrian also wrote a philosophical treatise, the 'Diatribai based on the teachings of his mentor Epictetus Best known of the late Greek historians to modern readers is Plutarch, who died about AD 119. Although both Xenophon and Plato knew Socrates, their accounts are very different, and it is interesting to compare the view of the military historian to that of the poet-philosopher. Galen lived during the 2nd century. Thucydides investigated the effect on individuals and nations both of psychological characteristics and of chance. Philosophical prose was the greatest literary achievement of the 4th century. Jatis are elaborated in greater detail in the text Dattilam, composed around the same time as the Treatise. It is impossible to calculate the enormous influence these thinkers have had on Western society ( see, philosophy).
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