an impressive vision of heaven, from which the dreamer awakes. Thus, the various dialects of Middle English spoken in the 14th century were similar to Modern English and can be read without great difficulty today. Dryden's poetry had achieved grandeur, amplitude, and sublimity within a particular definition of good taste and good sense and under the tutelage of the Roman and Greek classics. It is entirely typical of the impulse of the Renaissance in England that in this work Spenser tried to create out of the inherited English elements of Arthurian romance and an archaic, partly medieval style a noble epic that would make the national literature the. The emphasis, however, is placed on a Christian vision of the life of activity, of the life of unity with God, and of the synthesis of these two under the rule of a purified Church. Byron's satirical spirit and strong sense of social realism kept him apart from other English Romantics; unlike the rest, he proclaimed, for example, a high regard for Pope, whom he sometimes imitated. His generous anger on behalf of the poor of Ireland produced A Modest Proposal (1729 in which, with horrifying mock seriousness, he proposed that the children of the poor should be raised for slaughter as food for the rich. The poetry of the English Renaissance between 15 was the result of a remarkable outburst of energy. Bunyan wrote The Pilgrim's Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come (1st part published in 1678; 2nd part, 1684) and The Life and Death of Mr Badman (1680 two rough-hewn, moving, allegorical narratives of the human journey at the level of the.
Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee,
More's book describes a distant nation organized on purely reasonable principles and named Utopia (Greek, nowhere). His most thoughtful poetry expresses his two main ideas, that the external tyranny of rulers, customs, or superstitions is the main enemy, and that inherent human goodness will, sooner or later, eliminate evil from the world and usher in an eternal reign of transcendant love. Fielding's greatest novel, Tom Jones (1749 reveals a robust and healthy spirit of good sense and comedy, in which well-intentioned vigour triumphs over excessive hypocrisy. These are the psychologically penetrating Troilus and Criseyde (c. Only the Roman tragedian Lucius Annaeus Seneca could provide a model for the earliest popular tragedy of blood and revenge, The Spanish Tragedy (1594) of Thomas Kyd. With extraordinary artistry the stories are made to characterize their tellers. It is at its best, as in Tintern Abbey or Ode on Intimations of Immortality, when he speaks of the mystical kinship between quiet nature and the human soul and of the spiritual refreshment yielded by humanity's sympathetic contact with the rest of God's creation. A great success, it was the first such work prepared according to modern standards of lexicography. His work consists in part of simple, almost child-like lyrics (Songs of Innocence, 1789 as well as of powerful but lengthy and obscure declarations of a new mythological vision of life (The Book of Thel, 1789). Kyd's skilfully managed, complicated, but sensational plot influenced in turn later, psychologically more sophisticated revenge tragedies, among them Shakespeare's Hamlet. 1385 a tale of the fatal course of a noble love, set in Homeric Troy and based on Il filostrato, a romance by the 14th-century Italian author Giovanni Boccaccio; and The Knight's Tale (c.