from a shirt and pants. New York: Samuel French Inc. It actually began in the 1500s. Primary comic trait: Greed and stinginess - usually of money but can apply it to women, power, food, or whatever else captures his fancy. Pulcinella, as seen in the English Punch and Judy shows, was a dwarfish humpback with a crooked nose, the cruel bachelor who chased pretty girls. Available online at:, the play to pay attention to in this anthology is The Farce of the Worthy Master Pierre Patelin. Notice that is has no lines only "guidelines" for the actor to follow.
He is a schemer and scoundrel, and takes a certain pride in these facts. Cantarina and Ballerina often took part in the comedy, but for the most part, their job was to sing, dance, or play music. Miranda to her rightful place, using illusion and skilful manipulation. Scapino tends to make a confusion of anything he undertakes and metaphorically "flees" from one thought, activity or love interest to another, as his name implies, although he usually will return to it - eventually. Until the mid-seventeenth century he was a masked character, but later became a role in which the actor merely powders his face, if that. The ensemble companies generally performed in Italy, although a company called the comdieitalienne was established in Paris in 1661. His costume was usually white with green trimmings, and his mask an olive-color or (less-commonly) brown, with a hooked nose. Oronte, Acaste and Clitandre march out of her house, but when Alceste makes one last attempt to persuade her to run away with him, she dismisses the very idea of leaving society.". His name is a double-diminutive of the name Giacomo. A modern Brighella-type character can be found.