compared with the juggernaut that is Facebook (this gap only grows if you consider Instagram and WhatsApp to be part of Facebook). To be sure, we certainly still make physical things and that making still has consequences. Under late capitalism, Jameson suggested, even art lost its capacity to be a form of resistance. Arguably the world's foremost practitioner, Rem Koolhaas, produces book after book matter-of-factly announcing his fascination with Shopping, the Pearl River Delta, or Lagos, Nigeria. Chinatown, American Graffiti, Grease, or, animal House. By no means are network culture and the network economy limited to the developed world. Rather than producing work that somehow channels their innermost being, artists, musicians, videographers and DJs act like switching machines, remixing sources and putting them out to the Internet falsehood in the Scarlet Letter for yet more remixing. Hardt and Negri identify networked publics, which they call "the multitude" as a counter-force. 23 But if this was the last capitulation of the old publics as an uncommodified realm for discourse, it was also the birth of the networked publics. How could these European University networks drive educational innovation and the quest for excellence, while being inclusive at the same time?
Society, is the product of a series of changes: the change in capital in which. Niall Ferguson @nfergus is a senior fellow of the Hoover Institution, Stanford, an d the Center for European Studies, e has published fourteen books.
" m (July 30, 2001 / and (July 31, 2001). " and " Poison Valley (Part 2) What New Cocktails of Toxic Chemicals are Brewing In The High Tech Industry' "Clean Rooms"? " Somalia Calling The Economist, December 2, 2005 January 6, 2006,. Art itself, long the bastion of expression, is now dominated by straightforward photography while some of the most interesting cultural work can be found in research endeavors that could easily take place in Silicon Valley rather than in the gallery (Locative Media by (sometimes carefully. Malden, MA; Oxford, UK: Blackwell. Last year, the European Women Rectors Association was founded to promote the role of women and to advocate for gender equality in academia as a continuation of the European Women Rectors Platform, which has organised biennial conferences since 2008. 5, but the network goes even further, extending deeply into social and cultural conditions. 25 There are very real threats to the networked public sphere and Benkler, like many other theorists, warns of them. Tracing these processes of abstraction to the invention of the typewriter, Gere identifies digitization as a key process of capitalism. For now most of these are catholic in what content they include, but it is entirely possible this may change. 18 It is in this context that networked publics form. Led by free, open source software such as the Linux operating system (run by 25 of servers) and the Apache web server (run by 68 of all web sites non-market production increasingly challenges the idea that production must inevitably be based on capital.
The power of university networks is not that they determine institutions agendas but rather that they enable leaders to work on their missions with trusted friends, according to Jaap Winter, president of VU University Amsterdam and founding president of Aurora, a new group of nine. 20 The public is an audience, by nature reactive, consumers of culture and politics, at home not in the one-way, space in front of the TV where response remains private or, at best, filtered through the Nielsen rating system, but rather in a public venue. As we have described throughout this book, this networking of individuals worldwide gives them new links and new tools with which to challenge the system, but as the chapter on politics suggests, whether or not networked publics can come together to make decisions democratically. See also edit References edit Castells, Manuel; Ince, Martin.