for achieving modern objectives for new cultivars with more efficient fruit production and environmentally safer orchard operations and which will satisfy future consumer demands. Implications, iJVs should be cautious in their strategic choices in new product development. Wild apricot forests grow in some of the same general regions as the wild apples but at a somewhat lower elevation. Further, IJV managers in China should consider combining high exploration with low exploitation (or vice versa) to attain superior new product performance.
Exploitation of Exploration
European exploration age,
Incorporation of edible kernels in new duo-purpose domestic cultivars would certainly enhance orchard profits and provide a new nutritional product for American consumers. This may be a valuable source of genetic disease resistance to incorporate in new domestic cultivars. By using technologies and manpower we have created systems to extract materials efficiently at a faster rate. Asbestos industry is an example of mineral value fluctuations. Inbreeding and coancestry of the freestone peach cultivars of the eastern United States and implications for peach germplasm improvement. Exploration in Central Asia, in 1930, Nicolai Vavilov informed the western world about the wild populations of fruit species in the Soviet Union in a paper presented at the International Horticulture Congress in London entitled "Wild progenitors of the fruit trees of Turkistan and the. Since 1984, Amy Iezzoni has made five trips to seven Eastern European countries to study this variability and to collect germplasm (Iezzoni 1984). That year, among 633 apricot cultivars in the collection at the VIR Station in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, about 95 had lost their crop due to a late spring frost. Last update April 9, 1997. In 1990, Gale McGranahan, Charles Leslie, and William Barnett visited Xinziang and the vicinity of Beijing with the objective of collecting more diverse germplasm for the California breeding program. Apricot exploration in Northern Pakistan. Wild progenitors of the fruit trees of Turkistan and the Caucasus and the problem of the origin of fruit trees.
In the Zailinsky mountains near Alma Ata, we had the opportunity to visit the wild apricot forests with Tatanya Nicolaievna Sulova, a botanist who has studied variation and made selections from among these trees. Exploration and exploitation of new fruit and nut germplasm. In 1987, David Brenner and I studied and collected Central Asian apricots in another geographic region-the Karakoram and Himalayan mountains of Northern Pakistan.