an enthusiastic response. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message, that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. Heres just a partial list: Corruption was widespread among the clergy, especially at the top. There was no particular intention of breaking from the church at this time, merely a passion for improving. There were plenty of heterodox views in the air at the time, and he thought it could be worked out diplomatically. An elite group that was also initially attracted to the religion were the judges of the parliamentary courts. There was little hope that the Protestant views would be truly accomodated and honestly debated, and the end result was that Trent ended up reinforcing the more uniquely Catholic aspects of religion in contradiction to the Protestant practice. No priestly status is required to perform them, although ministers to the church are necessary and useful to directing and guiding. Because he was persecuted by the Roman Church, Calvin had to flee France.
Which one really teaches and lives what the Bible says? At the end of the fifteenth century and the beginning of the sixteenth, Christian humanists sought to apply the new style of scholarship to the study of scriptures in their original languages and to return to the first principles of their religion. Protestant Catholic (Council of Trent) Justification by faith - Christ's sacrifice atones for all sins, and it is only necessary to believe in it to be saved. The Pre-Reform, the rediscovery of the learning of the ancient world, the printing press, and all the other forces that came together to create the Renaissance also affected the Church. Some recanted, some fled into exile, some became avowed Protestants, some fled to the shelter of Marguerite de Navarre's court. The upshot of Luther's theses was that Christians are saved by faith, and faith alone, and that no amount of works (including the purchase of indulgences) made any difference at all.
The priesthood of all believers - all believers have equal access to God and dear Child: Word Count 789 no other earthly intermediaries are needed. Salvation is by grace alone through faith, and not by our own good works. So Whats the Difference? But theres plenty we can agree on that God wants us to do in this impoverished, sin-wracked world. His study of the Bible prompted him to write commentaries on almost every book of Scripture. Thus, the Protestant Reformation initiated a return to pure Christianity, a work that could not be completed without divine revelation and restoration. He generally prevented the doctors of the Sorbonne from doing their worst against anyone challenging their medieval views. But the powerful church leadership had managed to suppress these attempts, often by torturing and killing the Reformers. The church tortured people suspected of holding non-orthodox beliefs until they confessed or died. The Jesuits took education of the laity and the common clergy as one of their special goals. Which is the real church? The ending of the single, "universal" church and the proliferation of new churches and sects had echoes in the political arena, most notably in the independence of the United States of America.
Some responded to the "faith not works" challenge of the Protestants by finding a new vocation in social justice. Only priests partake of the wine and bread, the populace only takes the bread. Although the saints and angels should not be worshipped, their intercession is valuable and necessary to helping the Christian to achieve salvation. Ignatius Loyola applied a very military sensibility to the development of spirituality, and founded the Society of Jesus.
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