sexual partnerships. Witches also appear as villains in many 19th- and 20th-century fairy tales, folk tales and children's stories, such as " Snow White " Hansel and Gretel " Sleeping Beauty and many other stories recorded by the Brothers Grimm. 9 This pact and the ceremony that accompanied it became widely known as the witches' sabbath. Barnett, Bernard, (1965) "Witchcraft, Psychopathology and Hallucinations" in British Journal of Psychiatry 3: 43945. This could be done only by presenting a cosmology in which Christian miracles were legitimate and credible, whereas non-Christian ones were "of the devil". References Julius Paulus, "Sent. (1973) "The Role of Hallucinogenic Plants in European Witchcraft" in Hallucinogens and Shamanism. Ointments were mainly applied by rubbing on the skin, especially in sensitive areasunderarms, the pubic region, 24 the forehead, 22 the mucous membranes of the vagina and anus, or on areas rubbed raw ahead of time. 7 Many medieval writers also comment on the use of hallucinogenic plants in witches' ointments, including Joseph Glanvil, 8 Jordanes de Bergamo, Sieur de Beauvoys de Chauvincourt, Martin Del Rio, Raphael Holinshed, Andrs Laguna, Johannes Nider, Sieur Jean de Nynald, Henry Boguet, Giovanni Porta, Nicholas.
Studies and Histories of European Witchcraft Persecutions.
Witchcraft in Europe, : a documentary history.
Witchcraft - Europe - History.
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1303) was posthumously tried for apostasy, murder, and sodomy, in addition to allegedly entering into a pact with the Devil (while popes had been accused of crimes before, the demonolotry charge was new). The nuns of Loudun (1630 novelized by Aldous Huxley and made into a film by Ken Russell, provide an interesting example of the craze during this time. In 900, the Canon Episcopi was written: It is also not to be omitted that some unconstrained women, perverted by Satan, seduced by illusions and phantasms of demons, believe and openly profess that, in the dead of night, they ride upon certain beasts with the. 7 of denying the existence of many gods and accepting only the dregs of society, the most shameful people, into their assemblies and organizing dreadful, nocturnal, secret meetings (chap. The earliest written reference to witches as such, from Aelfric's homilies, 26 portrays them as malign. Instances of persecution of witchcraft are documented from. "The historiography of European witchcraft: progress and prospects." journal of interdisciplinary history 2#4 (1972 435-451. They are often accompanied by black cats.