Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei provided a number of scientific insights that laid the foundation for future scientists. This fundamental concept later formed the basis for Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity. But Galileo thought that most planetary orbits are circular in shape, when in fact they are elliptical, as shown by Johannes Kepler. (Cambridge, 1738) "On an optic pipe improvement" Lomonosov.V. Isaac Newton, Optics,. 17 Boreel's conclusion that Zacharias Janssen invented the telescope a little ahead of another spectacle maker, Hans Lippershey, was adopted by Pierre Borel in his 1656 book De vero telescopii inventore. He applied scientific methods, mathematical laws, and logical thinking to what he observed and it is this cross discipline approach that created the modern science of observational astronomy. King, The History of the Telescope, Courier Corporation - 1955, page 28 "Controversy over telescope origin". In comparison, spyglasses of the day only provided a magnification of three. Galileo challenged conventional views of the universe by observing by observing objects in the sky then applying the laws of mathematics and logic to what he saw. Although Lippershey did not receive his patent, news of the new invention soon spread across Europe.
He was the first to see craters on the moon, he discovered sunspots, and.
Galileo Galilei did not invent the telescope but was the first to use it systemati cally to observe celestial objects and record his discoveries.
The original Galileo telescope, which is preserved today at the Mu seo.
And there were more discoveries awaiting Galileo s telescope: the.
When Galileo pointed his telescope at Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system, he made a startling discovery.
But the Church still allowed Galileo to conduct his research, as long as he did not openly advocate his findings. Atti Della Fondazione Giorgio Ronchi E Contributi Dell'Istituto Nazionale Di Ottica, Volume 30, La Fondazione-1975, page 554 galileo. He saw that dark areas on the surface grew and shrunk depending on where the moon was in relation to the sun. Hall was a man of independent means and seems to have been careless introduction page of fame; at least he took no trouble to communicate his invention to the world. The following year he published his first results, where he described the highlands and "seas" of the Moon, four of Jupiter's largest moons, and many newly discovered stars. Critics of Copernicus' sun-centered cosmos asked, how could the Earth drag the moon across the heavens? The story of Galileo and the telescope is a powerful example of the key role that technologies play in enabling advances in scientific knowledge. 26 The idea of an "Elizabethan Telescope" has been expanded over the years, including astronomer and historian Colin Ronan concluding in the 1990s that this reflecting/refracting telescope was built by Leonard Digges between This "backwards" reflecting telescope would have been unwieldy, it needed very large. During the last ten years of Galileo's life, the Church monitored his travel and communications with others, and his writings were censored and placed in the Index of Prohibited Books. London, New York: Academic Press,. . Radio telescopes See also: Radio telescope and Radio astronomy The 250-foot (76 m) Lovell radio telescope at Jodrell Bank Observatory.