is exposed to more social acceptance of deviance that they are exposed to opposition of deviance, that individual is more apt to function defiantly. Only three of the postulated relationships are rejected. They learn how to commit criminal acts; they learn motives, drives, rationalizations, and attitudes. Criminal behavior is learned. This was not Sutherlands proposal. This tendency will be reinforced if social association provides active people in the persons life. Sutherland's Theory of Differential Association, the principles of Sutherland's Theory of Differential Association can be summarized into nine key points:.
The process of learning criminal behavior by association with criminal and anti-criminal patterns involves all of the mechanisms that are involved in any other learning. Burgess and Akers called their theory the Differential- Reinforcement theory. 1, one very unique aspect of this theory is that the theory purports to explain more than just juvenile delinquency and crime committed by lower class individuals. For example, how does one explain the upper class child who has a law abiding family, is well to do, and has attended private school their whole life going on a shooting rampage (or less extreme stealing gum from the grocery store)? Additionally an individuals behavior is influenced by their peer group (through direct and indirect interaction) and through their intimate relationships with other individuals.
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It is then assumed that if the individual is capable of learning what is acceptable in society, they are also not capable of learning what is considered unacceptable. To understand the behavior of the corporate criminal, or for that matter the corrupt cop, Sutherland would direct us to the values and mores of that person's immediate social circle. His theory is intended to discriminate at the individual level between those who become lawbreakers and those who do not, whatever their race, class, or ethnic background. This principle comes into play when considering cultural variations and/or interpretations of legal codes. US Pronunciation, modern American Literature from Huckleberry Finn uS IPA dif- uh - ren -sh uh l uh -soh-see- ey -sh uh n, -shee- /df rn l so sie n, -i-/. After Sutherland passed away, the Differential Association theory was most notably expanded upon by sociologist Burgess and Akers in 1968. Interaction and observations are the same methods of communication through which criminals learn their deviance.