Asian countries refused to engage with humanitarianism, influenced by legacies of colonialism and western domination of global humanitarian governance 396. dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid in the Twentieth Century. It is becoming more structured and institutionalized. Although ambivalence over liberal-western forms of humanitarianism remain, Guillox contends that Asia is likely to further influence the shaping of global humanitarian governance in the future 394. Either dominant, northern humanitarianism becomes more sensitive to the perceptions of others, or humanitarianism as we know it may soon be a thing of the past. Both principles, when they define the meaning of humanity without remainder, find everything that resists them expendable.
The arrogance and interventionist spirit which we are accustomed to will be less and less tolerated. In providing historical context to a sector that is often stuck in the perpetual present, the volume shares a common purpose with a fast-growing body of literature. 26- Universalism is down, sovereignty/nationalism is up 27- Conflict is down, natural disasters are up 28, humanitarian assistance is up, humanitarianism is down 29In the global marketplace, humanitarian action has become a huge business which has drifted away from its principled moorings. It now even has for profit and military wings. In Europe these traditions are represented, for example, by the work of religious orders going back to the Middle Ages and the transformative message of the Enlightenment with its aspirations for justice and rights. Long gone are the days of voluntarism. 45Some will no doubt argue that in todays asymmetrical conflicts, there is no space for neutrality you are either for or against. I would argue that a more modest humanitarian enterprise, closer in ambition and intent to classical time-tested humanitarian principles, stands a better chance of saving and protecting larger numbers of lives than todays increasingly politically-driven and militarized forms of relief.