upon the 1852 publication of Harriet Beecher Stowes novel. The 1850s drew to a close in near social convulsion and the established political parties began to break apartalways a dangerous sign. This in turn, 40 years later, prompted South Carolinas prominent senator John. It wasnt their slaves they were defending, it was their homes against the specter of slaves-gone-wild. Into this unfortunate mix came an abolitionist fanatic named John Brown riding with his sons and gang. The price of cotton, the Souths defining crop, had skyrocketed in the 1850s, and the value of slaveswho were, after all, propertyrose commensurately. But any careful reading of newspapers, magazines or correspondence of the era indicates that here is where the feud began to fester into hatred. But during the Kansas controversy a confrontation between a senator and a congressman stood out as particularly shocking. The remaining three million worked in agriculture, two million of whom worked in cotton. With all this back and forth carrying on for at least the decade preceding war, by the time hostilities broke out, few either in the North or the South had much use for the other, and minds were set. It wasnt, but it was a critical ingredient in the suspicion and mistrust Southerners were beginning to feel about their Northern brethren, and by extension about the Union itself.
Society and Civilization, Why is Civil Discobedience Necessary?,
At the foundation of the "Southern way of life however, was its oppressive economic system. There is the possibility that war might have been avoided, and a solution worked out, had there not been so much mistrust on the part of the South. As a practical matter, all of this assured a victory for the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln, who was widely, if wrongly, viewed in the South as a rabid abolitionist. Once the Union decided to fight for unity and European nations chose to remain largely neutral, there was little long-term hope for the Confederacy. Virginias Thomas Jefferson odyssey and the tempting woman probably summed up the attitude of the day when he defined the Souths peculiar institution as a necessary evil, which he and many others believed, or at least hoped, would wither away of its own accord since it was basically wasteful and. After a 34-hour bombardment, Maj. In addition, although there was a small Southern industry producing naval stores, there were few merchant ships or naval vessels in the South. This provoked, among other things, religious schisms, which in the mid-1840s caused the American Methodist and Baptist churches to split into Northern and Southern denominations.