fierce gun battle with members of the Black Panther Party. And Ive seen the Promised Land. In Atlanta it was illegal for white and Black baseball clubs to play within two blocks of each other. But it was never clear, least of all to the leaders of sncc and core, how this was to be achieved. If all these seats were take, a white person had the right to demand that Blacks in the next row gave up their seats. In America white man" meant specific attitudes and actions toward the black man, and toward all other non-white men. There was an explosion in radical Black music with artists like Curtis Mayfield and Power to the People, James Brown and Say it Loud Im Black and Proud and Bob Marley with Young, Gifted and Black. It was the first time ever that a Black person had been charged with violating the citys segregation laws. King on the other hand observes: There are positive aspects of Black Power, which are compatible with what we have sought to do in the civil rights movement but its negative values prevent it from having the substance and program to become the basic strategy.
The head of the FBI, Edgar J Hoover, called the BPP the greatest threat to the internal security of the country. In one of the first marches, made up of school kids, the police fired water cannon and unleashed dogs into the crowd. For twelve years he preached that the white man was the devil and the "Honorable Elijah Muhammad" was God's messenger.
Why the South Lost the American Civil War
The Black Empowerment in America
Henry David Thoreau on Civil Disobediance
To offer a way forward to the struggle, particularly in the middle of a huge movement, concepts had to be concrete. As soon as the war ended a spate of protests broke out in the south over segregation in transport facilities. The leadership of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (a union of Black railway porters) planned to stage a national march on Washington against discriminatory hiring practices in defense industries. Meanwhile, there was a huge shift away from the radicalism of Malcolm X, the Black Panthers and even King by the leaders of the movement. The Nation of Islam Upon his release, Malcolm went to Detroit, joined the daily activities of the sect, and was given instruction by Elijah Muhammad himself. Perhaps it could be in time to save America from imminent disaster - the same destruction brought upon Germany by racism that eventually destroyed the Germans themselves.