event they can end up agreeing on an incorrect narrative. There are two types of confidence: confidence in a witness' own ability to make an identification (prior to viewing a police lineup) and confidence in having made an accurate identification or accurate rejection. Enhancement edit Research has investigated how to improve the accuracy of earwitness performance. When a group of adults chosen by the Developmental Disabilities Association was how Alcohol Affects People compared to a control group of college students, they performed equally well when a target was absent from a lineup.
Organisation in Memory
For the small police agency with work force constraints, a method called the folder shuffle can be utilized to effectively blind the administrator. 23 The weapon focus effect occurs because additional items require more visual attention, therefore they are frequently not processed. If lineup members do not all match the known description of the offender then the lineup is biased toward the suspect. "Oh, like multiple choice?" Stahl asked. It also prevents the police from giving any feedback to the eyewitness. 11 Other-race effect edit The other-race effect (i.e.
116 Direct hearing. Memory for auditory information including voice recognition appears to decline over time; studies have found that participants can recall more correct auditory information immediately after the initial presentation than after a four-day time interval, supporting several other studies finding similar results. A b Öhman, Lisa; Eriksson, Anders; Granhag, Pär Anders (16 September 2010).