that a person has as a member of a community, state, or nation. Civil-rights laws have made it illegal to deny a student admittance to a school because of his or her race. Many assume blacks live in ghettos, often in high-rise public housing projects. Poverty is still too common in the.S. Segregation in the South and discrimination in the North did create a sheltered market for some black businesses (funeral homes, beauty parlors, and the like) that served a black community barred from patronizing white establishments. As already noted, six out of ten African-American women were household servants who, driven by economic desperation, often worked 12-hour days for pathetically low wages. Such advocates have plenty of company. What about changes in the curriculum and patterns of course selection by students? The Knights vowed to admit workers of all races and nationalities, but this principle did not prevent the organization from tolerating segregated assemblies in the South.
Advertising to Hungry Americans
Prespective of an American Slave
Improvement of American Labor
Currently, almost 40 percent of African-Americans are poor enough to qualify for welfare, housing assistance and other government programs that offer modest support to families living under the poverty line. And thus its news that more than 40 percent of African Americans now consider themselves members of the middle class. In 1968, just 10 percent of whites lived below the poverty level, while nearly 34 percent of African-Americans did. Even those who did not move up into higher-ranking jobs were doing much better. African Americans who maintained railroad locomotive engines had to sue the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen all the way to the Supreme Court to gain admission to the union in 1944.
Of African Americans now consider themselves members of the middle class. Midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. A half-century after the Civil Rights Act we can assess how much progress African-Americans.