been little or no progress toward other goals. Despite legislation prohibiting smoking in public places, in the absence of enforcement by local authorities and in the absence of a change in social norms to discourage smoking, the majority of the public in Israel continues to be exposed to ETS. Researchers at the MoH and the Hebrew University-Hadassah Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine reported that exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was high among non-smokers exposed to ETS(9). Smoking is also banned in most federally owned buildings. Then why would someone subject a child to secondhand smoke? Despite extensive legislation to prevent exposure of the non-smoking population to ETS, data from surveys show that most of the Israeli population is exposed to ETS.
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
There is sufficient evidence that ETS causes lung cancer and suggestive evidence that ETS may increase the risk of breast cancer, nasal sinus cavity cancer, and nasopharyngeal cancer in adults; and the risk of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain tumors in children(10). Tobacco use is one of the main risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including cancer, lung diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. Progress Since 2014, in, environmental Health in Israel 2014, the major challenges to the reduction of public exposure to ETS in Israel included enforcement of legislation prohibiting smoking in public places and protection of children from exposure to ETS in schools. Since February 2016, schools are required to be smoke-free.
The Concept of Environmental Racism,
There is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke; even low levels of secondhand smoke can be harmful. This chapter and all other chapters in the report was written by a team of scientists and professionals from the Ministry of Health, in collaboration with Environment and Health Fund. Selected References: National Toxicology Program. Tobacco speech Research Paper.most of these substances are poisonous and potentially deadly, the smoke from a cigarette can have adverse affects on the people surrounding the smoker. ETS exposure was twice as high among the Arab population, and was higher among men (Figure 2) - over 45 of males reported exposure to ETS at their workplace. However, the sale of tobacco products is highly regulated with legal legislation. Worldwide, one in five teens age 13 to 15 smoke cigarettes. At least 69 chemicals found in secondhand tobacco smoke are carcinogens. More than one-third (34.8 percent) of high school students reported using some form of tobacco in the past month. Although male smoking prevalence dropped 24 percentage points between 19, the prevalence of female smoking dropped only 11 percentage points during the same. How can exposures be reduced?